Benito Pablo Juárez García (1806 – 1872) was a lawyer and politician from Oaxaca who became President of Mexico from 1858 to 1872. He resisted the French occupation of Mexico, overthrew the Second Mexican Empire, restored the Republic, and modernized the country. He is remembered for La Reforma del Norte (The Reform of the North) – sweeping changes which included the confiscation of church lands, placing civilian over military control, redistribution of land, separation of church and state, and a widespread reduction in the power of clergy. La Reforma represented the ascendancy of Mexico's liberal, federalist, anti-clerical, and pro-capitalist forces over traditional conservative influences associated with the colonial past.
Respect for another’s right is the meaning of peace.